Total inland freight transport increases by 5 per cent in EU27

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EurostatTotal freight transport by inland modes (rail, road, inland waterways and oil pipelines) in the EU27 increased by 5% in 2006 compared with 2005, reaching 2 595 billion tkm. Among the Member States, the highest increases were recorded in Greece (+42%), Hungary (+16%) and the Czech Republic (+13%), and the largest declines were observed in Cyprus (-16%), Denmark (-8%), Estonia and Ireland (both -3%). Road accounts for almost three quarters of total freight transport

Six Member States accounted for two thirds of total EU27 freight in 2006: Germany (517 bn tkm, +6% between 2005 and 2006), France (283 bn tkm, +3%), Spain (264 bn tkm, +3%), Italy (256 bn tkm, +4%), Poland (208 bn tkm, +11%) and the United Kingdom (206 bn tkm, +3%).

These figures come from a report by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities, on the modal split in the inland transport of the EU27.

Rail most significant in the Baltic States and Sweden

The dominant freight transport mode in the EU27 in 2006 was road, accounting for 73% of the total, with rail accounting for 17%, and the remaining 10% evenly split between inland waterways and oil pipelines. In all Member States road freight transport was the dominant mode, except for Estonia (65% rail) and Latvia (54% rail). After these two Member States, Lithuania (38%) and Sweden (36%) recorded the next highest shares of transport by rail.

Apart from Cyprus and Malta, Ireland (99%), Greece (98%), Portugal (95%) and Spain (92%) registered the highest shares of road freight transport in 2006.

Inland waterways accounted for significant shares of freight transport in the Netherlands (31%), Belgium (14%), Germany (12%) and Romania (10%). The highest shares for oil pipelines were observed in Denmark (17%) and Slovakia (15%).

Road and rail transport both up by 5%

EU27 road freight transport increased by 5% between 2005 and 2006, to reach 1 887 bn tkm. The Member States with the highest increases were Greece (+43%), Latvia (+28%), Hungary (+21%) and the Czech Republic (+16%). On the other hand, Cyprus (-16%), Denmark (-9%), Finland (-7%) and Estonia (-5%) registered the largest decreases.

Rail freight transport in the EU27 also increased by 5% between 2005 and 2006, to reach 435 bn tkm. The highest increases were observed in Finland (+14%), Luxembourg (+13%), Hungary (+12%) and Austria (+11%), while Ireland (-32%), Latvia (-15%) and Romania (-5%) recorded the largest decreases.

Note – Tonne-kilometre (tkm): Unit of measure representing the movement of one tonne of freight over one kilometre.

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